СТАБИЛИЗАЦИЯ ЭМУЛЬСИЙ «МАСЛО-В-ВОДЕ» ВЫСОКОДИСПЕРСНЫМИ МИНЕРАЛЬНЫМИ ЧАСТИЦАМИ: БИОДЕГРАДАЦИЯ И ТОКСИЧЕСКОЕ ВОЗДЕЙСТВИЕ НА ГИДРОБИОНТЫ

  • Natalia Yu. Grechishcheva РГУ нефти и газа (НИУ) имени И.М. Губкина
  • Anton M. Korolev РГУ нефти и газа (НИУ) имени И.М. Губкина
  • Vitaly L. Zavorotny РГУ нефти и газа (НИУ) имени И.М. Губкина
  • Ksenia A. Starodubtseva РГУ нефти и газа (НИУ) имени И.М. Губкина
  • Munzer Suleiman Ali Российский государственный аграрный университет – МСХА им. К.А. Тимирязева
Ключевые слова: дисперсия нефти, тонкодисперсные минеральные частицы, нефтеминеральные агрегаты, токсичность, биодеградация, оценка экологического риска

Аннотация

Для процессов естественного самоочищения водных экосистем от разливов нефти существенное значение имеет наличие в толще воды минерального тонкодисперсного взвешенного вещества, способного к формированию так называемых нефтеминеральных агрегатов с последующей их миграцией в придонные слои и биодеградацией нефтяного загрязнения. В литературе имеется достаточно большое количество публикаций, посвященных условиям образования нефтеминеральных агрегатов и возможности их применения в технологиях ликвидации разливов нефти. Однако влияние нефтеминеральных агрегатов на морские экосистемы и их представителей мало изучено. Отсутствие систематических исследований, направленных на оценку экологического риска влияния нефтеминеральных агрегатов на морские экосистемы и эффективности биодеградации нефти с образованием нефтеминеральных агрегатов, приводит к весьма противоречивым выводам. В данном обзоре предпринята попытка обобщить имеющиеся данные об экологическом риске воздействия нефтеминеральных агрегатов на водные экосистемы и оценке влияния образования нефтеминеральных агрегатов на биодеградацию нефти. Описаны факторы, влияющие на токсичность нефтеминеральных агрегатов для гидробионтов, обитающих в водной толще и донных отложениях и перспективы дальнейших исследований в области их воздействия на окружающую среду с целью более активного использования в технологиях ликвидации разливов нефти. В данном обзоре использовался анализ 70 научных публикаций по ключевым словам «биодеградация» и «токсичность для водной среды» для систем «тонкодисперсное взвешенное вещество – нефтяные капли – морская вода», размещенных в базе данных научной периодики ScienceDirect с 1999 по 2021 гг.

Для цитирования:

Гречищева Н.Ю., Королев А.М., Заворотный В.Л., Стародубцева К.А., Али М.С. Стабилизация эмульсий «масло-в-воде» высокодисперсными минеральными частицами: биодеградация и токсическое воздействие на гидробионты. Изв. вузов. Химия и хим. технология. 2023. Т. 66. Вып. 2. С. 23-35. DOI: 10.6060/ivkkt.20236602.6729.

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Опубликован
2022-12-20
Как цитировать
Grechishcheva, N. Y., Korolev, A. M., Zavorotny, V. L., Starodubtseva, K. A., & Ali, M. S. (2022). СТАБИЛИЗАЦИЯ ЭМУЛЬСИЙ «МАСЛО-В-ВОДЕ» ВЫСОКОДИСПЕРСНЫМИ МИНЕРАЛЬНЫМИ ЧАСТИЦАМИ: БИОДЕГРАДАЦИЯ И ТОКСИЧЕСКОЕ ВОЗДЕЙСТВИЕ НА ГИДРОБИОНТЫ. ИЗВЕСТИЯ ВЫСШИХ УЧЕБНЫХ ЗАВЕДЕНИЙ. СЕРИЯ «ХИМИЯ И ХИМИЧЕСКАЯ ТЕХНОЛОГИЯ», 66(2), 23-35. https://doi.org/10.6060/ivkkt.20236602.6729
Раздел
Обзорные статьи