ПРИМЕНЕНИЕ АНИОН-РАДИКАЛОВ СЕРЫ В ОРГАНИЧЕСКОМ СИНТЕЗЕ. ОПРЕДЕЛЕНИЕ ФОРМ СЕРЫ СПЕКТРАЛЬНЫМИ МЕТОДАМИ

Ключевые слова: сера, метод определения форм серы, спектры поглощения форм серы, применение анион-радикалов серы

Аннотация

Исследование реакций с участием анион-радикалов серы в органическом синтезе стало областью активных исследований в последние несколько лет. Особый интерес вызывает роль полисульфидных радикалов в электрохимических процессах литий–серных (Li-S) аккумуляторов.  Исследование механизмов этих реакций имеет решающее значение для повышения производительности Li-S аккумуляторов. С целью обобщения и анализа наиболее актуальных литературных данных в обзоре представлены сведения по вопросам применения и изучения анион-радикалов серы в органическом синтезе и методах определения форм серы. Мы классифицировали и подробно обсудили спектры различных форм серы в ультрафиолетовом и видимом диапазонах. В статье описаны выбор растворителя, корреляция между свойствами растворителей, влияние природы растворителя на сдвиг полос поглощения частиц серы и на устойчивость анион-радикала, идентификация форм серы в ультрафиолетовой и видимой области спектра и возможность стабилизации анион-радикалов за счет комплексообразования с краун-эфирами. Полосы поглощения для S22-, S32-, S52-, S72- сильно перекрываются с полосами поглощения других частиц, и имеют при этом более низкую интенсивность, что приводит к разным выводам относительно распределения полисульфидов и разных форм серы в водной среде. Представленные в обзоре данные имеют прикладное значение, вносят вклад в понимание применения анион-радикалов серы в органическом синтезе и могут быть использованы для выбора метода определения форм серы и растворителя. Данная обзорная статья может быть интересной специалистам, занимающимся в данной области, и поможет спланировать исследования по изучению форм серы и интерпретации спектров различных форм серы.

Для цитирования:

Дмитриева Е.Д., Оськин П.В., Ковалева А.А., Осина К.В. Применение анион-радикалов серы в органическом синтезе. Определение форм серы спектральными методами. Изв. вузов. Химия и хим. технология. 2024. Т. 67. Вып. 3. С. 6-18. DOI: 10.6060/ivkkt.20246703.6875.

Биографии авторов

Elena D. Dmitrieva, Тульский государственный университет

Доцент кафедры химии, ФГБОУ ВО «Тульский государственный университет»

Pavel V. Oskin, Тульский государственный университет

Младший научный сотрудник лаборатории экологической и медицинской биотехнологии, ФГБОУ ВО «Тульский государственный университет»

Alina A. Kovaleva, Тульский государственный университет

Студент кафедры химии, Естественно-научный институт, ФГБОУ ВО «Тульский государственный университет»

Kristina V. Osina, Тульский государственный университет

Доцент кафедры химии, Естественно-научный институт, ФГБОУ ВО «Тульский государственный университет»

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Опубликован
2024-01-27
Как цитировать
Dmitrieva, E. D., Oskin, P. V., Kovaleva, A. A., & Osina, K. V. (2024). ПРИМЕНЕНИЕ АНИОН-РАДИКАЛОВ СЕРЫ В ОРГАНИЧЕСКОМ СИНТЕЗЕ. ОПРЕДЕЛЕНИЕ ФОРМ СЕРЫ СПЕКТРАЛЬНЫМИ МЕТОДАМИ. ИЗВЕСТИЯ ВЫСШИХ УЧЕБНЫХ ЗАВЕДЕНИЙ. СЕРИЯ «ХИМИЯ И ХИМИЧЕСКАЯ ТЕХНОЛОГИЯ», 67(3), 6-18. https://doi.org/10.6060/ivkkt.20246703.6875
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